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Allusions Of The Communist Manifesto

Allusions between The Grapes of Wrath and the Communist Manifesto

Introduction to the Communist Manifesto
Literary Elements
Symbolic and Allegorical References
Moral and Anagogic Connections

How Karl Marx is embodied in the writing of John Steinbeck in The Grapes of Wrath.

Pg. 206 - "One man, one family driven from the land; this rusty car creakin along the highway to the west. I lost my hand, a single tractor took my land. I am alone and I am bewildered And in the night one family camps in a ditch and another family pulls in and the tents come out. Keep these two squatting men apart; make them hate, fear, suspect each other. Here is the analge of the thing you fear. This is the zygote. For here "I lost my land' is changed; a cell is split from its splitting grows the thing you hate--"We lost our land." The danger is here, for two men are not as lonely and perplexed as one. And from this first 'we' there grows a still more dangerous thing: "I have a little food" plus "I have none." If from this problem the sum is  "We have a little food," the thing is on its way, the movement has direction. Only a little multiplication now, and this land, this tractor are ours. THe two men squatting in a ditch, the little fire, the side-meat stewing in a single pot, the silent, stone-eyed women; behind, the children listening with their souls to words their minds do not understand. The night draws down.The baby has a cold. Here, take this blanket. It's wool. It was my mother's blanket--take it for the baby. This is the thing to bomb. This is the beginning--from "I" to "we."
In regards to this except, the individuals in Grapes of Wrath are forced to reside with eachother or plumet into starvation. The only option left for them is to rely on their fellow man for comfort and support.
Pg. 387 -  "And as a cannery owner he paid himself a low price for the fruit and kept the price of canned goods up and took his profit. And the little farmers who owned no canneries lost their farms, and they were taken by the great owners, the banks, and the companies who also owned the canneries."
Tom Joad, like Carl Marx, notices that at the same time that some people have disproportionate amounts of wealth, others live in extreme poverty. However, also like Marx, he also notices that the dependance on the Proletariat for labor also increases at the same time.
Pg. 402 -He was back, and he carried a newspaper in his hand.  'Did you see this?  Here, I'll read it: 'Citizens, angered at red agitators, burn squatters' camp.  Last night a band of citizens, infuriated at the agitation going on in a local squatters' camp, burned the tents to the ground and warned agitators to get out of the country.''You hear what that paper said 'bout agitators up north a Bakersfield'' Sure,' said Wilkie.  'They do that all a time.'
'Well, I was there.  They wasn't no agitators.  What they call reds.  What the hell is these reds anyways? They's a lot of fellas wanta know what reds is? Fella named Hines? Well, he's all a time talkin' about them goddamn reds. Goddamn reds is drivin' the country to ruin,' he says, an' 'We got to drive these here red bastards out."
The term "Red", meaning communist, dates back to the first red scare, which took place during the Great Depression, but it evolved into a term for anyone that wanted more than they were given
Pg. 571 - "I been wonderin why we can't do that all over. Throw out the cops that ain't our people. All work together for our own thing--al farm our own land. I been thinkin a hell of a lot, thinkin about our poeple livin like pigs, and the good rich lan layin falow, or maybe one fella with a million acres, while a hunderd thousan good farmers is starvin."

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Philosophies of Marx & Engel
Vs. Grapes Of Wrath